Volume 4 (2021)
Issue 2
Paleontological Heritage and Geoconservation in the UNESCO European Geoparks (Part II)
Issue 1
Paleontological Heritage and Geoconservation in the UNESCO European Geoparks
Volume 3 (2020)
Volume 2 (2019)
Volume 1 (2018)
Geoconservation
1. European UNESCO Geoparks: Introduction to Part I

Michael J Benton

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 1-5

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.683780

Abstract
  The concept of the volume is to survey all the key geoparks throughout Europe in terms of their palaeontological significance. The first 25 articles in this Part cover the long span of geological time from the Precambrian to the Permian, arranged in chronostratigraphic order. These document some of the ...  Read More

Geoconservation
2. Paleontological Heritage and its Conservation in the UNESCO European Geoparks

Dan Alexandru Grigorescu

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 6-24

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1932182.1095

Abstract
  Together, places of scientific, historical or cultural significance within a region and the artefacts uncovered therefrom and displayed in museums and collections make up the total heritage of the region in question. Seemingly lifeless places and objects become enlivened in UNESCO geoparks through the ...  Read More

Geoconservation
3. The North West Highlands UNESCO Global Geopark: Oldest Fossils in Europe

Michael Benton; Alexander J Brasier; Peter Harrison; Laura Hamlet

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 25-42

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2020.1911147.1034

Abstract
  The North West Highlands Geopark is probably one of the largest geoparks anywhere, comprising 2000 km2 of remote, mountainous and coastal terrain. It was the first European Geopark to be recognised in Scotland in 2004 and was designated by UNESCO as a Global Geopark in 2015. Since then, it has been very ...  Read More

Geoconservation
4. The Ediacaran-Cambrian Radiation of Animals within the Villuercas-Ibores-Jara UNESCO Global Geopark, Spain

Iván Cortijo; Teodoro Palacios; Sören Jensen; José María Barrera

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 43-55

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1918395.1076

Abstract
  Across the Ediacaran to Cambrian transition, some 541 Ma, the Earth's biosphere changed from one dominated by microbial organisms to one where multicellular organisms, including animals, rose to importance. Within a few tens of millions of years into the Cambrian Period an array of animal groups appeared, ...  Read More

Geoconservation
5. Early Cambrian (Marianian) Trilobites and Associated Faunas from the Sierra Norte de Sevilla Geopark: A Scientific and Heritage Approach

Eduardo Mayoral Alfaro; Eladio Liñán; Rodolfo Gozalo; Jose Antonio Gámez Vintaned; María Eugenia Eugenia Dies Álvarez; Luis Collantes Ruiz; Ana Santos; Alberto Gil-Toja

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 56-60

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1912240.1044

Abstract
  Some exceptional paleontological trilobite sites located in the Sierra Norte de Sevilla UNESCO Global Geopark are presented herein, together with an analysis of their geotourism / geotrail potential and a proposal for geoconservation. The sites are of Marianian age, a regional stage and age of the Cambrian ...  Read More

Geoparks
6. The Exceptional Fossil Record of the Sierra Norte de Sevilla UNESCO Global Geopark. The Early Cambrian of the Constantina-San Nicolás del Puerto area (Seville Province, Spain)

Eduardo Mayoral Alfaro; Eladio Liñán; Jose Antonio Gámez Vintaned; Rodolfo Gozalo; María Eugenia Eugenia Dies; Ana Santos; Luis Collantes Ruiz; Alberto Gil-Toja

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 61-65

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1912341.1046

Abstract
  Early Cambrian fossils sites of two Natural Monuments of the Sierra Norte de Sevilla Geopark are highlighted. The first of these shows archaeocyath and stromatolite bioconstructions at the Cerro del Hierro site, one of the most complete and best exposed in the European Cambrian record. The other exceptional ...  Read More

Geoconservation
7. Management of the Palaeozoic Palaeontological Heritage Associated With Metamorphic Bedrocks: Courel Mountains UNESCO Global Geopark (Spain)

Daniel Ballesteros; Manuel García-Ávila; José B. Diez; Ramón Vila; Xosé Carlos Barros; Juan Carlos Gutiérrez-Marco; Pablo Caldevilla; Martín Alemparte

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 66-69

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2020.1912243.1039

Abstract
  The Spanish Courel Mountains UNESCO Global Geopark has strong educational and touristic resources despite limited preservation of Paleozoic invertebrate fossil assemblages within metamorphic rocks. The paleontological sites are managed by means of their inventory and integration in a Geographical Information ...  Read More

Geoconservation
8. The Penha Garcia Ichnological Park at Naturtejo UNESCO Global Geopark (Portugal): a Geotourism Destination in the Footprint of the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event

Carlos Neto de Carvalho; Andrea N Baucon; Aram N Bayet-Goll; João N Belo

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 70-79

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1913338.1051

Abstract
  Penha Garcia Ichnological Park is the most important fossil site and one of the most significant geosites of international relevance, in the territory of Naturtejo UNESCO Global Geopark. This municipal protected area is a key site for the study of trace fossil diversity at high paleolatitudes in the ...  Read More

Geoconservation
9. Daedalus Mega-ichnosites: The Armorican Quartzite Bridge between Villuercas-Ibores-Jara and Naturtejo UNESCO Global Geoparks

Carlos Neto de Carvalho; Andrea Baucon; Ivan Cortijo; Soren Jensen; Jose Maria Barrera; Javier Lopez Caballero

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 80-92

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1918476.1077

Abstract
  The Early Paleozoic oceans were generally characterized by short trophic chains and simple ecological tiering dominated by suspension-feeding organisms. However, the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event (GOBE) was responsible for the complexification of food webs, increasing depth and diversity ...  Read More

Geoconservation
10. Paleobiodiversity in the Darriwilian (Middle Ordovician) of the Naturtejo UNESCO Global Geopark (Portugal)

Sofia Pereira; Jorge Colmenar; Cristiana de Jesus Paulo Esteves; Ícaro Dias da Silva; Miguel Pires; Carlos Neto de Carvalho

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 93-103

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2020.1913411.1054

Abstract
  Middle Ordovician successions occur at Naturtejo UNESCO Global Geopark in five Variscan-folded, kilometer- to tens of kilometer-long structures. Four of them revealed to be fossiliferous in the different recognized lithostratigraphic units, middle-to-uppermost Darriwilian in age, with particular emphasis ...  Read More

Geoconservation
11. The Enigmatic Upper Ordovician of the Naturtejo UNESCO Global Geopark (Portugal)

Sofia Pereira; Jorge Colmenar; Cristiana J.P Esteves; Ícaro Dias da Silva; Miguel Pires; Carlos Neto de Carvalho

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 104-112

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1913408.1053

Abstract
  Naturtejo UNESCO Global Geopark (Portugal) area includes deposits from the Neoproterozoic to the Quaternary. Despite its limited exposure area in major Variscan folded structures, the Ordovician series hosts some of its most famous geological heritage features, such as the Penha Garcia Ichnological Park. ...  Read More

Geoconservation
12. The Armorican Quartzite: when trilobites ruled the Ordovician seas of the Villuercas-Ibores-Jara UNESCO Global Geopark, Spain

Ivan Cortijo; Sören Jensen; Manolo Garcia; Teodoro Palacios; José María Barrera

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 113-120

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1922890.1085

Abstract
  Cruziana is a common and widespread trace fossil in Lower Palaeozoic strata that is generally attributed to the activity of trilobites. The Lower to Middle Ordovician Armorican Quartzite Formation of southern Europe contains well-preserved examples of the Cruziana rugosa Group. This paper outlines how ...  Read More

Geoconservation
13. Giant trilobites and Other Middle Ordovician Invertebrate Fossils from the Arouca UNESCO Global Geopark, Portugal

Artur A. Sá; Sofia Pereira; Isabel Rábano; Juan Carlos Gutiérrez-Marco

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 121-130

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1913689.1057

Abstract
  The giant Ordovician trilobites from the Canelas quarry constitute the most iconic sign of identity of the Arouca UNESCO Global Geopark at an international level. Palaeontological studies determined the importance of this fossil locality for studying aspects of the social behavior of these marine arthropods ...  Read More

Geoconservation
14. The Silurian Section of the Valle syncline (Sierra Norte de Sevilla UNESCO Global Geopark, Spain) as an International Standard for Graptolite Biostratigraphy

Juan Carlos Gutierrez-Marco; David K. Loydell; Petr Storch

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 131-135

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2020.1908691.1032

Abstract
  The Paleozoic succession of the Sierra Norte de Sevilla UNESCO Global Geopark (Ossa Morena Zone of the Iberian Massif, SW Spain) includes a nearly complete Silurian succession, ca. 150 m thick, deposited in an outer shelf setting. In the core part of the Valle syncline, the El Pintado-1 section exhibits ...  Read More

Geoconservation
15. The Checa Silurian Section, an Outstanding Fossil Site in the Molina-Alto Tajo UNESCO Global Geopark, Spain

Juan Carlos Gutierrez-Marco; Petr Storch

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 136-143

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1912072.1037

Abstract
  The Paleozoic succession in the Nevera inlier of the Molina-Alto Tajo UNESCO Global Geopark (Western Iberian Cordillera, NE Spain) includes an incomplete, richly fossiliferous Silurian succession, ca. 350‒400 m thick, at the locality of Checa, one of the geosites of international interest in the Paleozoic ...  Read More

Geoconservation
16. Palaeontological And Geological Highlights Of The Black Country UNESCO Global Geopark

Graham J Worton; Colin D Prosser; Jonathan G Larwood

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 144-157

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1922756.1084

Abstract
  The Black Country UNESCO Global Geopark, located in central England, joined the Global Geopark Network in July 2020. It is the most urban Geopark in the network with a population of approximately 1.1 million people. Located in an area rich in raw materials (Carboniferous coal, iron, and clay; Silurian ...  Read More

Geoconservation
17. Shifting Continents and a Devonian Lake Full of Fish: The Extraordinary Geological History of the Shetland Geopark

Susan R Beardmore

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 158-169

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1912922.1052

Abstract
  Shetland UNESCO Global Geopark encompasses a wide variety of well-exposed and accessible geological features. The combination of ocean floor remnants on top of ancient continental crust, a cross-section through a volcano, and evidence of earth movements is preserved nowhere else in the world and, individually, ...  Read More

Geoconservation
18. The Coral-Rich Devonian Limestones of the English Riviera UNESCO Global Geopark

Malcolm Hart; Christopher Smart

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 170-195

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1907467.1030

Abstract
  The coral-rich limestones of the English Riviera UNESCO Global Geopark were an important component of the original definition of the Devonian System, introduced by Sedgwick and Murchison in 1840. They are, therefore, both a local highlight of the geological succession but have an important position within ...  Read More

Geoconservation
19. Crawlers on the Seabed – The Famous Devonian Trilobites of Gerolstein

Jens Koppka

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 196-212

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1917009.1070

Abstract
  This paper introduces the Middle Devonian trilobites of Gerolstein, found on the famous trilobite fields of Gees and at the Auberg hill in Gerolstein. The research history and local geology of both sites are briefly discussed and key publications for further studies are provided. Owing to the early start ...  Read More

Geoconservation
20. Synthesis and Heritage Relevance of the Carboniferous Floras from the Sierra Norte de Sevilla Geopark

Eduardo Mayoral Alfaro; Carmen Álvarez-Vázquez; Ana Santos; Alberto Gil-Toja

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 213-217

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1912345.1047

Abstract
  The Viar Basin, the largest of the Carboniferous basins in the Sierra Norte de Sevilla UNESCO Global Geopark, has yielded an important fossil flora. The flora is important stratigraphically and paleoecologically, and the collection sites have significant heritage value as they were studied by eminent ...  Read More

Geoconservation
21. The Piesberg: A NW-German site of international importance for the Pennsylvanian (Late Carboniferous)

Angelika Leipner; Tobias Fischer; Patrick Chellouche

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 218-234

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1913500.1056

Abstract
  Piesberg quarry is famous for its Upper Carboniferous plant and arthropod fossils, including several holotypes of flying insects. The high degree of maturity of the Piesberg strata, such as the presence of anthracitic coal, quartzite, and large quartz crystals, led to controversies over a possible underlying ...  Read More

Geoconservation
22. Late Paleozoic Petrified Trees of the Bohemian Paradise - An Insight into the Tropical Forest in Central Europe

Václav Mencl; Radek Mikuláš; Blanka Nedvědická

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 235-244

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1914298.1063

Abstract
  The late Paleozoic deposits in several basins of the Bohemian Massif are well known for their rich abundance of petrified tree trunks. The area of the UNESCO Global Geopark Bohemian Paradise includes a substantial part of one of the largest ones, the Krkonoše Piedmont Basin. Deposits of this basin ...  Read More

Geoconservation
23. Exposed! The Public Life of Carboniferous Fossils in the Burren and Cliffs of Moher UNESCO Global Geopark, Ireland

Eamon Doyle

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 245-254

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1917388.1073

Abstract
  Carboniferous fossils from the Burren and Cliffs of Moher UNESCO Global Geopark, County Clare, Ireland are rated by their promotional potential in the form of celebrity A, B or C-listings. Trace fossils, crinoids, brachiopods, corals and vertebrates are the most exposed to public view at a number of ...  Read More

Geoconservation
24. Trace Fossils in Permian Rocks of English Riviera UNESCO Global Geopark

Malcolm Hart; Christopher Smart

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 255-265

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2020.1908113.1031

Abstract
  The Permian breccias, conglomerates and sandstones of the English Riviera UNESCO Global geopark were deposited in quite harsh, desert environments just north of the Permian Equator. Body fossil evidence is completely lacking but rare trace fossils provide evidence of a land-based community. There is ...  Read More

Geoconservation
25. Geoconservation and Geotourism on Fossil Forest of the Aragoncillo Range, Molina-Alto Tajo UNESCO Global Geopark (central Spain)

Yolanda Sanchez Moya; Carmen Alvarez-Vazquez; Luis Carcavilla; Alfonso Sopeña

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 266-277

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1915357.1066

Abstract
  The Fossil Forest of the Aragoncillo Range is one of several paleontological sites of exceptional scientific value in the Sierra de Selas (Province of Guadalajara, central Spain). This shows an accumulation of silicified tree trunks along with well-preserved macro- and microflora of lower Permian age. ...  Read More

Geoconservation
26. The Late Permian Kupferschiefer Fossils and the Geological Educational Trail in the UNESCO Global Geopark TERRA.vita (NW Germany)

Tobias Fischer; Lothar Schöllmann; Johannes Haunert

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 278-289

http://dx.doi.org/10.30486/gcr.2021.1927911.1091

Abstract
  The iconic Kupferschiefer is a stratigraphic marker horizon of the Upper Permian in Northern and Central Europe, which is recognized internationally as a unique stratum because of its outstanding preservation of fish, reptile, and plant fossils. In the UNESCO Global Geopark TERRA.vita, Kupferschiefer ...  Read More